We have a new puppy, and we very much want him to be well socialized with all our friends, especially those who live right around the Big Yard where he plays. One way to accomplish this is for all of us who boss the puppy around to do so with consistent words and actions. So if you ever see Satchmo, try to keep these commands in mind. (And it's okay to use a firm voice!)
1. Say it once, then enforce it. Don't teach him he doesn't have to listen until you say it a bunch of times.
2. If you're not going to enforce the command, skip it. Better he gets away with something than that anyone lets him get away with something. (This is true for kids, too, by the way.)
3. Let him know when he's done well. A steady stream of stern commands will turn into white noise pretty fast, so give him lots of support when he listens!
1. Off!: Use when the dog is jumping up or climbing on you or something you don't want him to jump or climb on. Do not use the word "down" in this situation; "down" means "lie down." Enforce by gently but firmly pushing him off.
2. Leave it!: Use when he's about to get into something you don't want him near. This command is preventive maintenance. If he's already got your shoe in his mouth, it's too late for "leave it." Reinforce by saying "good boy" or something if he looks up. If he looks back down, it's okay to repeat the command. Once he picks it up, we're on to the next one.
3. Drop it!: Use when he's already got your shoe in his mouth. :-) Enforce by opening his jaws, not by pulling it. Pulling it = tug of war = play time. If you're not comfortable with this enforcement, that's okay; just come get one of us and we'll take care of it. Do not use the command "out" (which we favored at first); we now use "out" to mean "outside."
4. No biting!: Satchmo is entirely non-aggressive, so don't be scared by this one. It's just to tell him to stop puppy nipping, especially your sleeve, pant leg, etc. Enforce this by closing his mouth gently but firmly with your hand, making stern eye contact, and repeating the command. Do not swat. If you prefer, another method of enforcement would be to stop playing with him. Push him away and then ignore him for a while.
Of course there are other commands we use, but these should get you started. Questions? Leave them in the comments. Thanks for being a friend to the pup.